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  • Software tools used in Chemical/ ProcessIndustries

    Process Simulation Software in Oil & Gas Industry ((Picture courtesy : OpenPR  )

    A typical chemical engineer uses Maths, Physics, Chemistry concepts to make medicines accessible, water drinkable, air breathable, environment sustainable, systems affordable, safety reliable. In this world where everything is automated and core engineers also required software skills for better process optimisation and controlling.

    Commonly used SOFTWARE TOOLS in Chemical Engineering

    MATLAB

    MATLAB is one of the best software packages in Chemical engineering to plot data and for numerical calculations.

    • Momentum, Mass, and Energy Transfer – There are a number of examples in the transport phenomena field that, even though represent different phenomena, they can be mathematically described using a partial differential equation, the “pdepe” toolbox.
    • Distillation Column Operation – McCabeMethod – typical shortcut approach for the initial conceptual estimation of the operation of binary distillation columns
    • Modeling of different kinds of process equipment – heat exchangers, pumps, valves, evaporators, columns, reactors etc.
    • Reactor design – The models are based on explicit algebraic equations and differential equations.
    • Control loops analysis, control design and tuning.

     

    ASPEN

    Is a process simulation software package widely used in industry today. ASPEN uses mathematical models to predict the performance of the process. ASPEN can handle very complex processes, including multiple-column separation systems, chemical reactors, distillation of chemically reactive compounds, and even electrolyte solutions like mineral acids and sodium hydroxide solutions.ASPEN does not design the process. It takes a design that the user supplies and simulates the performance of the process specified in that design. Therefore, a solid understanding of the underlying chemical engineering principles is required to supply reasonable values of input parameters and to evaluate the suitability of the results obtained.There are mainly 14 modules avialble in ASPEN and many other sub modules in each main module. Some of the most used modules are

    • Aspen HYSYS

    A general process simulation and modelling software very commonly used in the upstream oil and gas industry is HYSYS. HYSYS is extensively used for developing PFD and mass and heat balance.

    • Aspen Flare System Analyser

    It is extensively used for modeling of flare or cold vent networks commonly required in upstream oil and gas. It allows to determine type of relief device and sizing of connected piping including individual tail pipes, flare sub-header and flare main header.

    • Aspen Exchanger Design and Rating (EDR)

    Aspen Exchanger Design and Rating (EDR) enables you to easily design and simulate the heat Exchangers. It delivers the heat exchanger rating and size optimally with respect to performance and economical aspects by integrating state of the art modelling techniques.

    PIPESIM from SCHLUMBERGER

    A simulation and modeling software used for steady-state modeling of “pipelines” both for single-phase, two-phase and three-phase flow.

    PIPENET

    PIPENET is used for the rapid fluid flow analysis of pipe and duct networks. Three modules (Standard Module, Spray/Sprinkler Module, Transient Module) ensure that, no matter how complex your network, PIPENET software will perform flow simulation fast and accurately.It is the leader in this category.

    FluidFlow

    FluidFlow software  the most comprehensive ,uncomplicated and undemanded to use graphical interface.

    FluidFlow has following modules;

    • FluidFlow Liquid
    • FluidFlow Gas
    • FluidFlow Two-Phase
    • FluidFlow Non-Newtonian & Slurry

    CHEMCAD

    It broadens the approach and scope of the chemical engineers everywhere with enhanced process simulation software, It is used to enhance the productivity by solving day to day tasks and can solve the most difficult process models with its flexibility in handling.

    For more details https://www.chemstations.com/Support/Frequently_Asked_Questions/#Q1

    AFT Fathom

    For pressure drop calculations and pipe flow distributions AFT Fathom is one of the best. It can be used in low velocity profiles also. It can Model a wide range of system components for both design and operational cases. It has an additional feature that is can calculate the cost of system pipes and components

    AutoCAD P&ID

    For piping and Instrumentation diagrams AutoCAD P&ID software is the leader in category.Its simple and approach allows a process engineer to create, modify, and manage piping and instrumentation diagrams. Most complicated flow sheets and Diagrams become simple to understand with this software

    Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

    As process Engineers has to deal with different types of fluids ,so to analyse their behaviour   in different conditions is one of the toughest task ,CFD is the relief for this particular problem .It analyses laminar as well as turbulent flows, multiphase flows and compressible and Incompressible flows

    For different types of CFD softwares follow the link: https://www3.technologyevaluation.com/sd/category/computational-fluid-dynamics-cfd

    General Software packages used in Chemical Engineering

    Mathematical Modelling

    Process Simulation

    Computational Fluid Dynamics

    MS-EXCEL

    Aspen HYSIS

    Autodesk CFD

    MATLAB

    CHEMCAD

    ANSYS Fluent

    SIMULINK

    Aspen Plus

    COMSOL Multiphysics

     

    There are more chances to get good jobs with better packages in process industries with the knowledge of chemical software’s.

     

    Mrs.Samatha Singh

    Head, Department of Chemical Engineering

    Indore Institute of Science & Technolgy.

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