Special Areas of Civil
Civil engineers usually practice in a particular specialty, such as construction engineering, geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, land development, transportation engineering, hydraulic engineering, and environmental engineering. Some civil engineers, particularly those working for government agencies, may practice across multiple specializations, particularly when involved in critical infrastructure development or maintenance.
- Construction Management (combining engineering and management skills to complete construction projects designed byother engineers and architects).
- Geotechnical Engineering (analysis of soils and rock in support of engineering projects/applications - building foundations, earthen structures, underground facilities, dams, tunnels, roads, etc)
- Structural Engineering (design of all types of stationary structures - buildings,bridges, dams, etc.)
- Surveying (measure/map the earth's surface in support of engineering design and construction projects and for legal purposes - locating property lines, etc.)
- Transportation Engineering (design of all types of transportation facilities/systems' streets/highways, airports, railroads, other mass transit, harbors/ports, etc.).
- Water Resources Engineering (control and use of water, focusing on flood control, irrigation, raw water supply,and hydroelectric power applications).
- Environmental Engineering (Issues involving the protection and preservation of the environment, including sustainable use of the Earth's natural resources).